Today at Berkeley Lab

Launching an Accessible Archive of Environmental Data

A new archive, called Environmental Systems Science Data Infrastructure for a Virtual Ecosystem (ESS-DIVE), preserves, expands access to, and improves usability of data from DOE’s research in terrestrial and subsurface environments. The ESS-DIVE team consists of computer scientists, environmental scientists, and digital librarians from Berkeley Lab and the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. More>

Nanocrystals Get Better When They Double Up With MOFs

Researchers from Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry have designed a dual-purpose material out of a self-assembling MOF (metal-organic framework)-nanocrystal hybrid that could one day be used to store carbon dioxide emissions and to manufacture renewable fuels. More>

Researchers Identify Openings for Shuttering Virus Factories

Banumathi Sankaran, a bioscientist in the Berkeley Center for Structural Biology at the Advanced Light Source, was part of a Baylor College of Medicine-led team that studied proteins involved in making the cytoplasmic compartments in which many DNA and RNA virus pathogens replicate. Understanding their molecular methods of construction could offer an avenue for disrupting virus production. More>

Unlocking New Paths Toward High-Temperature Superconductors

Berkeley Lab researchers have discovered that electron spin is key to understanding how cuprate superconductors can conduct electricity without loss at high temperature. Their paper describing the research behind this discovery was published on Dec. 13 in the journal Science. More>

Revealing Reclusive Recombination Mechanisms

Researchers used NERSC to produce critical new insights into the fundamental mechanisms behind highly efficient photovoltaics based on hybrid perovskites. In one of two studies, UC Santa Barbara researchers used first-principles calculations to find that (surprisingly) recombination rates in these materials were as high as conventional solar cell materials. More>

JGI Leads Community Effort on Virus Data Quality Guidelines

As more researchers continue to assemble new genome sequences of uncultivated viruses, the Joint Genome Institute recently led an effort to develop guidelines and best practices for defining virus data quality. The team partnered with virus experts and representatives from the Genomic Standards Consortium and the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. More>

Toward a Blueprint for Anti-influenza Drugs

Vaccines can reduce the number of flu infections, but antiviral drugs are still needed for treatment once infections occur. In recent years, resistance to some anti-influenza drugs has become a problem. At the Advanced Light Source, researchers learned how several such drugs disrupt replication of the flu virus. The studies provide atomic-level blueprints from which to design drugs that can overcome growing drug resistance. More>

ESnet: Using Software to Better Define Network Functionality

Tracing its roots back to the days of dial-up modems in the 1970s, ESnet has consistently worked to make the network faster and more robust. Typically this has been done by taking advantage of new data transfer technologies and upgraded hardware. But with the emergence of software-defined networking over the past decade, ESnet is pioneering new possibilities for automatable networking in real time. More>

Greener Days Ahead for Carbon Fuels

A discovery by researchers at Berkeley Lab and the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis shows that recycling carbon dioxide into valuable chemicals and fuels can be economical and efficient – all through a single copper catalyst. More>

Massive New Dark Matter Detector Gets Its ‘Eyes’

The LUX-ZEPLIN dark matter detector, which will soon begin its deep-underground search for particles thought to account for most matter in the universe, now has “eyes.” The first of two large arrays of photomultiplier tubes — powerful light sensors that can detect the faintest of flashes — completed a 2,000-mile journey to the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota, where LZ is scheduled to begin its dark matter search in 2020. More>