Today at Berkeley Lab

Not All Cool Pavements Are Created Equal

Cool pavements can help keep cities cool, right? Yes, but according to new research by ETA’s Heat Island Group, which included a 50-year life cycle assessment of different pavement types, many reflective pavements have some unexpected drawbacks relative to conventional pavements when considering the entire life cycle of the materials. More> 

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Scientists Sequence Genome of Snail That Spreads Parasitic Worm

A team of international scientists has characterized the genome of a freshwater snail that is instrumental in transmitting a parasitic worm to humans. The achievement could help researchers disrupt the life cycle of B. glabrata with the goal of eliminating schistosomiasis, an infectious disease known as snail fever. More>

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Simulations May Help Make Paper Manufacturing More Efficient, Cheaper

Lab researchers — as part of a unique collaboration with Lawrence Livermore Lab and an industry consortium — are using advanced supercomputer modeling techniques to identify ways that paper manufacturers could reduce energy and water consumption during the papermaking process. The papermaking industry ranks third among the country’s largest energy users. More>

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Organic Carbon Can Resist Breakdown in Underground Environments

A new study reveals that organic matter whose breakdown would yield only minimal energy for hungry microorganisms preferentially builds up in floodplains, illuminating a new mechanism of carbon sequestration. Berkeley Lab contributed to this research. More>

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Scientists Help Thin-Film Ferroelectrics Go Extreme

Scientists have created the first-ever polarization gradient in thin-film ferroelectrics, greatly expanding the range of functional temperatures for a key material used in a variety of everyday applications. The discovery could pave the way for developing devices capable of supporting wireless communications in extreme environments. More>

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Nanoscale Imaging Probe Printed Onto Tip of Optical Fiber

Combining speed with incredible precision, a team of researchers at the Molecular Foundry has developed a way to print a nanoscale imaging probe onto the tip of a glass fiber as thin as a human hair, accelerating the production of the promising new device from several per month to several per day. More>

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CERN Celebrates Completion of New Linear Particle Accelerator

The new particle accelerator is a key component in a High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider upgrade project. Berkeley Lab is part of a collaboration that has built prototype superconducting magnets for this upgrade, which is expected to increase particle beam energy and intensity, and will generate a higher volume of data. More>

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FIONA to Take on the Periodic Table’s Heavyweights

A new tool at Berkeley Lab will be taking on some of the periodic table’s latest heavyweight champions to see how their masses measure up to predictions. Dubbed FIONA, the device is designed to measure the mass numbers of individual atoms of super-heavy elements, which have higher masses than uranium. More>

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New Insights into Nanoscale Deformation

A group of scientists used Laue x-ray microdiffraction at the Advanced Light Source to probe plastic deformation mechanisms at the nanoscale. Their findings may overturn conventional theory and reshape our understanding of the mechanical behavior of a host of nanocrystalline metals. More>

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Modulating Infrared Light with Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus

A 2-D form of phosphorus studied at the Advanced Light Source shows promise for converting infrared signals to electrical signals (and vice versa), filling a wavelength gap for advanced devices in a wide range of areas, from air-pollution monitoring to telecommunication. More>

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