Today at Berkeley Lab

Cryo-Electron Microscopy Achieves Unprecedented Resolution

Cryo-electron microscopy is a critical tool used to advance biochemical knowledge. Now Lab researchers have extended cryo-EM’s impact further by developing a new computational algorithm that was instrumental in constructing a 3-D atomic-scale model of bacteriophage P22 for the first time. More>

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JGI Looks at Nitrogen Uptake Between Fungi and Orchids

Researchers at the Joint Genome Institute and University of Turin investigated for the first time the fungal genes that may have been involved in both the uptake and transfer of nitrogen to the host plant. RNA sequencing was performed at JGI as part of the 2013 Community Science Program. More>

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New Study Maps Space Dust in 3-D

A new Berkeley Lab-led study provides detailed 3-D views of space dust in the Milky Way, which could help us understand the properties of this dust and how it affects views of distant objects. The study was led by Edward Schlafly, a Hubble Fellow in the Physics Division. More>

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Towards Super-Efficient, Ultra-Thin, Silicon Solar Cells

Researchers have employed NERSC supercomputers to model a new crystalline solar cell architecture that could nearly match today’s efficiency, but at a fraction of the thickness. Crystalline solar cells based on this architecture would be lighter and bendable, allowing them to be installed on curved surfaces, unlike today’s typical rigid solar cell. More>

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New Machine Learning Technique Provides Translational Results

Scientists have developed an unsupervised multi-scale machine learning technique that can automatically and specifically capture biomedical events or concepts directly from raw data. The Berkeley Biomedical Data Science Center will nurture data-intensive biomedical science, and will apply this technique to cancer-risk assessment and diagnosis, as well as personalized medicine. More>

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Advanced Light Source Tracks the Origins of a Bacterium’s Inner Compass

Magnetotactic bacteria synthesize chains of magnetic nanocrystals that interact with the Earth’s magnetic field like an inner compass needle, simplifying the bacteria’s search for optimum environments. Ptychography, an X-ray imaging technique with high resolution and sensitivity to chemical states, provides insight into how these inner compasses form. More>

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Grad Student Benefits from Berkeley Lab, Brookhaven Collaboration

Stony Brook grad student and Brookhaven National Synchrotron Light Source II user Tiffany Victor flies to California several times a year to use infrared beams at the Lab’s Advanced Light Source to study the interface between a plant and fungus. More>

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What a Genome-Wide Screening Can Reveal about Cancer Survival

Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a 12-gene score tied to the odds of relapse-free breast cancer survival. The scoring system is based on an analysis of large genomic datasets and patient data, and it could eventually be developed for clinical use. More>

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Daniela Ushizima Unveils New Science Search Tool for the Web

Googling a photo of an obscure band may be a snap, but not so for scientific images. That’s why the Computational Research Division’s Daniela Ushizima decided to create a tool tailored to scientific datasets that are in databases not immediately obvious to the web. More>

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Machine Learning Enhances Predictive Modeling of 2-D Materials

Researchers from Argonne National Laboratory, using supercomputers at Berkeley Lab’s National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), are employing machine learning algorithms to efficiently and accurately predict the physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of nanomaterials. The could help accelerate the discovery and development of new materials. More>

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