Today at Berkeley Lab

Encyclopedia of How Genomes Function Gets Much Bigger

A big step in understanding the mysteries of the human genome was unveiled in the form of three analyses that provide the most detailed comparison yet of how the genomes of the fruit fly, roundworm, and humans function. The results add billions of entries to a publicly available archive of functional genomic data. Scientists can use this resource to discover common features that apply to all organisms. More>

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Iron is Key to Preserving Dinosaur Soft Tissue

Researchers studying organic material from dinosaur bones have shown that the organic material in the samples contained original soft tissue material from Mesozoic dinosaurs. The x-ray techniques at the ALS were key to showing a possible mechanism for this unexpected preservation. More>

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Ultrafast Charge Transfer in New Family of 2D Semiconductors Demonstrated

Berkeley Lab reports the first experimental observation of ultrafast charge transfer in photo-excited MX2 materials, the graphene-like two-dimensional semiconductors. Charge transfer time clocked in at under 50 femtoseconds, comparable to the fastest times recorded for organic photovoltaics. More>

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Kit Brings Energy Management to Small Commercial Buildings

Scientists at the Environmental Energy Technologies Division have developed a package of simple analytical steps—and a strategy—designed to bring better energy management and efficiency improvements by way of the service providers who are already taking care of these buildings: the HVAC contractors. More>

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New Project is the ACME of Addressing Climate Change

High performance computing will be used to develop and apply the most complete climate and Earth system model to address challenging and demanding climate change issues. Eight national laboratories, including Berkeley Lab, are combining forces with the National Center for Atmospheric Research and others in the new effort. More>

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JGI, ORNL Team Applies Genomics to Poplar Ecology

The Joint Genome Institute and others conducted an in-depth, population-based approach to identifying mechanisms for adaptation in poplars. The method could be harnessed for developing more accurate predictive climate change models. More>

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Shaping the Future of Nanocrystals

Lab researchers have recorded the first direct observations of how facets form and develop on platinum nanocubes in solution, pointing the way towards more sophisticated and effective nanocrystal design and revealing that a nearly 150 year-old scientific law describing crystal growth breaks down at the nanoscale. More>

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Stunning Images From Second Season of Dark Energy Survey

Shots of deep space were taken with a 570-megapixel camera mounted on the Victor M. Blanco Telescope in Chile. The camera will be used over the survey’s five-year mission to investigate dark energy and its impact of our universe. Berkeley Lab is a founding member of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) collaboration. More>

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Quantum Vortices Inside Superfluid Helium Nanodroplets Mapped

Scientists have, for the first time, characterized so-called quantum vortices that swirl within tiny droplets of liquid helium. The research confirms that helium nanodroplets are in fact the smallest possible superfluidic objects and opens new avenues for studying quantum rotation. More>

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Air Quality in the San Joaquin Valley Improving

A study led by Ron Cohen of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division has shown that nitrogen oxide emission controls are improving the notorious air quality in California’s San Joaquin Valley. With new regulations being implemented, conditions are expected to improve even more in the future. More>

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