Today at Berkeley Lab

Space Dust Analysis Could Provide Clues to Solar System Origins

New studies of space dust captured by NASA’s Stardust Interstellar Dust Collector have shown that interstellar particles may be much more complex in structure and composition than previously thought. ­The tiny particles could give scientists chemical clues about the origins of our solar system. More>

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Factors in Carbon Dioxide Reduction

New experimental results from Peidong Yang in the Materials Sciences Division have revealed the critical influence of the electronic and geometric effects in the carbon dioxide reduction reaction. More>

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Report Looks at Financial Impacts of Photovoltaics on Utilities

Prepared by the Environmental Energy Technologies Division, report examines the potential impacts of customer-sited solar photovoltaics on electric utility profitability and rates. More>

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Stimulating Insulin Production in the Fight Against Type-II Diabetes

Adult-onset diabetes affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. New treatments have centered on targeting the human receptor protein GPR40 to enhance sugar-dependent insulin secretion. Recently, Takeda researchers published their drug’s mechanism of action using protein structures solved at the ALS’s Berkeley Center for Structural Biology. More>

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Interactive Map Reveals Rooftop Reflectance for Five California Cities

Lab scientists use aerial imagery to create an interactive map that displays the solar reflectance (also known as albedo) of individual roofs in Bakersfield, Long Beach, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Jose. More>

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JGI Involved in Study of Virus-Host Interactions in Oxygen Minimum Zone

With collaborators at the University of British Columbia and the University of Arizona, Joint Genome Institute researchers studied the interactions between the bacteria SUP05 that are involved in the carbon, nitrogen and sulfur cycles of a seasonally oxygen-deficient fjord, and the viruses that infect these microbes. More>

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Neural Compensation in People With Alzheimer’s-Related Protein

The human brain is capable of a neural workaround that compensates for the buildup of beta-amyloid, a destructive protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study by UC Berkeley researchers, led by Berkeley Lab life scientist William Jagust. More>

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Studies Find Significant Declines in Price of Rooftop, Utility-Scale Solar

The price of solar energy in the United States continues to fall substantially, according to the latest editions of two annual reports produced by the Lab’s Environmental Energy Technologies Division. Installed prices for residential and commercial PV systems completed in 2013 fell by roughly $0.70 per watt (W) or 12 to 15 percent from the prior year. More>

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Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines

Computationally designed proteins that accurately mimic key viral structures can help produce better vaccines. The resulting protein structures, validated at the Advanced Light Source, encourage the further development of this strategy for a variety of vaccine targets, including HIV and influenza. More>

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Excitonic Dark States Shed Light on TMDC Atomic Layers

Materials scientists believe they have uncovered the secret behind the unusual optoelectronic properties of single atomic layers of TMDC materials, the two-dimensional semiconductors that hold great promise for nanoelectronic and photonic applications. More>

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