Posts Tagged ‘Physics Division’

Lab’s Perlmutter Testifies Before Senate on Funding for Science

Tuesday, November 12th, 2013

Last week, Berkeley Lab physicist and Nobel-prize winner Saul Perlmutter testified before the Senate Commerce Committee at a hearing on the reauthorization of the America COMPETEs Act. The act was first passed in 2007, with broad bipartisan support that authorized the doubling of the budgets for the Office of Science and National Science Foundation within seven years. Although COMPETEs was reauthorized in 2010, the budgets of these science agencies have not kept pace with what the legislation established. Perlmutter testified that the current trends in science funding threaten the country’s competitiveness while the innovation in other countries is improving. Go here to watch the proceedings and to read the testimony of Perlmutter and other panelists.

60-Year-Old Film Surfaces, Depicting Discovery of Mendelevium

Monday, November 4th, 2013

A reel of black & white film shot nearly 60 years ago has surfaced at Berkeley Lab, depicting the discovery of Mendelevium — or Element 101 — as reenacted by some of the legendary scientists who did the actual work at that time, such as Al Ghiorso. Since the 1940s, Berkeley Lab scientists were locked in a race to synthesize new elements, and more often than not, they came out winners. Sixteen elements, most of them in the actinide series at the bottom of the periodic table, were discovered and synthesized by its researchers. More>

Sanford Underground Lab Announces First Results from LUX

Thursday, October 31st, 2013

The Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota, announced its first scientific results yesterday. Three months of operation by the LUX dark matter experiment found no WIMPs but achieved three times the sensitivity of any other dark matter detector. The Sanford Lab is owned by the state and supported by DOE but owes much to tireless efforts by Berkeley Lab scientists led by Kevin Lesko, who now oversees operations. Notables at the press conference included Governor Dennis Daugaard, James Siegrist of the Office of Science, Berkeley Lab General Sciences ALD James Symons, and Physics Division Director Natalie Roe, with many others.

Rediscovering Long-Lost Sounds with MacArthur Genius Carl Haber

Thursday, October 31st, 2013

Berkeley Lab physicist Carl Haber was a recent guest on KQED radio’s Forum, hosted by Michael Krasny. Haber discussed his research that has enabled the restoration of long-lost sounds, for which he won a MacArthur Genius Award. More>

Berkeley Researchers Design Satellite To Track Down Wildfires

Friday, October 25th, 2013

Researchers, including Berkeley Lab astrophysicist Carl Pennypacker, have proposed a satellite that would serve as an advanced orbiting fire alarm, helping the Western U.S. extinguish wildfires before they burn out of control. The scientists have designed such a satellite using state-of-the-art sensors, written analysis software to minimize false alarms, and even given it a name – the Fire Urgency Estimator in Geosynchronous Orbit (FUEGO). More>

Berkeley Lab’s Prominent Role in the Higgs Discovery

Thursday, October 10th, 2013

The Nobel Prize in Physics to François Englert and Peter Higgs cites confirmation of their work by the ATLAS and CMS experiments, in what Physics Division Director Natalie Roe calls “a powerful testament to human imagination, innovation, perseverance and international cooperation.” Berkeley Lab provides one of the largest U.S. contingents to ATLAS, led by Ian Hinchliffe. ATLAS Deputy Spokesperson is Beate Heinemann. With recent ATLAS physics coordinator Kevin Einsweiler, Gil Gilchriese led construction of some of the Inner Detector’s most advanced elements. Berkeley Lab’s Physics, Accelerator, and Engineering Divisions have made and continue to make vital contributions to the LHC. More>

Physicist Daniel Dwyer Receives APS Primakoff Award

Thursday, October 3rd, 2013

Daniel Dwyer of the Physics Division has won the 2014 Henry Primakoff Award for Early-Career Particle Physics, which is sponsored by the American Physical Society (APS). The citation reads: “For innovative contributions to neutrino physics, particularly the broad and substantial role he played in commissioning, calibration and analysis in the Daya Bay measurement of the mixing angle theta-13.” Dwyer coordinates data analysis for the multinational experiment in the south of China that involves more than 200 scientists. This is the Lab’s second major 2014 APS award for contributions to the Daya Bay Experiment. Physicist Kam-Biu Luk recently named as co-recipient of the Panofsky Prize.

Physicist Kam-Biu Luk Wins Panofsky Prize

Monday, September 30th, 2013

For the second year in a row, a faculty scientist with Berkeley Lab’s Physics Division has been named a recipient of the prestigious W.K.H. Panofsky Prize, awarded annually by the American Physical Society to recognize outstanding achievements in experimental particle physics. Kam-Biu Luk, a professor with UC Berkeley’s Physics Department, will share the 2014 Panofsky Prize with Yifang Wang of China’s Institute of High Energy Physics for their work on the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. The citation reads, “For their leadership of the Daya Bay experiment, which produced the first definitive measurement of θ13 angle of the neutrino mixing matrix.” More>

Physicist Carl Haber Wins MacArthur Genius Award for Sound Restoration Work

Wednesday, September 25th, 2013

Berkeley Lab physicist Carl Haber, who developed a way to digitally restore old audio recordings that are too fragile to play, was named a MacArthur “genius” Fellow today (Wednesday, Sept. 25). Haber, a senior scientist in the Physics Division, is among 24 recipients to receive the prestigious award – $625,000 in unrestricted funds over the next five years – by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The MacArthur Foundation cited that Haber’s work “is poised to revolutionize the preservation of rare, damaged, and deteriorating sound recordings of immense value to our cultural heritage.” Haber is the fourth Berkeley Lab scientist to be named a MacArthur Fellow. More>

Berkeley Lab CCDs Enable the Dark Energy Survey

Wednesday, September 4th, 2013

On August 31 the Dark Energy Survey (DES) officially began its five-year scan of the southern sky from the Cerro Tololo Observatory in Chile. The focal plane of the 570-megapixel Dark Energy Camera (DECam), assembled at Fermilab, consists of red-sensitive CCDs which were invented by Steve Holland of the Engineering Division and fabricated for DES under the leadership of Natalie Roe, now director of the Physics Division. These CCDs are essential, because photometric surveys like DES depend on capturing galaxies so distant that their light has been shifted to the red and infrared regions of the spectrum. The goal of DES is to collect 300 million distant galaxies as well as 4,000 thousand distant supernovae. More>