Today at Berkeley Lab

JGI Helps ID Succulent Genes for Water Use Efficiency

Most plants conduct photosynthesis through what is known as the C3 pathway. As plants spread out and adapted to live in a variety of environments, they developed alternate photosynthesis pathways (C4 and CAM) to make use of limited nutrients. A team including Joint Genome Institute scientists recently studied how a plant transitioned from C3 to CAM photosynthesis. More>

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JGI Casts Light on ‘Dark Ocean’-Dwelling Bacteria’s Role in Carbon Capture

Enabled in part by the Joint Genome Institute’s Community Science Program, a team led by researchers from the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences identified the most abundant and globally distributed nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) in the oceans through single-cell genomics and community meta-omics. As reported in Science, they also calculated the NOB’s contribution toward trapping carbon beneath the sunlit waters. More>

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Explaining the Size, Pathogenicity of Humongous Fungus

As part of an international team, researchers at the Joint Genome Institute helped sequence and analyze the genomes of four fungi of the genus Armillaria, which are capable of breaking down all the components of a host plant’s cell walls. This could be of potential interest to researchers looking for methods to convert plant biomass into alternative fuels or other bioproducts. More>

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Early Registration for JGI Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting

Early registration rates end Dec. 2 for the Joint Genome Institute’s 2018 Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting, March 13-16 in San Francisco. In parallel with the meeting and workshops, JGI will also host the first ever Viral EcoGenomics and Applications (VEGA) Symposium. Go here for more information, including keynote addresses and confirmed speakers.

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JGI Helps Double Virophage Database

Microbes regulate the flow of carbon in freshwater lakes, determining if they become carbon sinks or sources. Their ability to trap and use carbon can be affected by virophages. Joint Genome Institute and Ohio State researchers have mined metagenome data sets to better understand the interactions between bacteria, viruses, and virophages in lakes. More>

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JGI Models Lab Energy Efficiency at North American Freezer Challenge

Acting on a suggestion from Sustainable Berkeley Lab staff and spurred by its own sustainability initiatives, the Joint Genome Institute participated in the North American Freezer Challenge and received an honorable mention. JGI’s entry featured the Klatu freezer monitoring system, implemented by a team including the Lab’s Chief Sustainability Officer John Elliott. More>

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Take Part in the Annual JGI Halloween Runaround on Oct. 31

JGI marks National Ergonomics Month with weekly events, ending with the annual JGI Halloween Runaround, a three-kilometer walk/run event on Tuesday, Oct. 31, from 10 to 11:30 a.m. Participants are asked to come in costume. Go here for more information about these events. Contact Christine Naca to register for the Runaround.

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With JGI Help, Liverwort Genome Offers Insights into Land Plant Evolution

An international team including Joint Genome Institute researchers analyzed the genome sequence of the common liverwort to identify genes and gene families deemed crucial to plant evolution and have been conserved across plant lineages. “Early plants like the liverwort are what set the world up for land plants,” said JGI’s Jeremy Schmutz. More>

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JGI’s Technique Accelerates Associating Microbial Genes, Behaviors

Joint Genome Institute and University of North Carolina researchers generated a genome-wide map of bacterial genes that affect the efficacy of microbial colonization. By identifying the genes that can alter how well microbes can colonize a plant, researchers can develop targeted approaches to improve plant health and development. More>

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JGI Helps Benchmark Computational Methods for Metagenomes

JGI researchers were part of a team that described the results of the Critical Assessment of Metagenome Interpretation (CAMI) Challenge, the first-ever community-organized benchmarking assessment of computational tools for metagenomes. JGI’s Tanja Woyke, the study’s co-author, noted JGI’s interest in both benchmarking protocols as well as computational workflows. More>

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