Named for its striking flowers that resemble scrunched-up monkey faces, monkey flower is a near cousin to the oft-domesticated snapdragon. A group of researchers led by the Joint Genome Institute completed a draft sequence of the monkey flower (Mimulus guttatus) genome and identified the historic footprints of DNA recombination events that have shaped the development of this plant species over the last several hundred thousand years. These findings, recently published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), should inform new plant breeding strategies that could be vitally important to developing improved bioenergy plant feedstocks. More>
Posts Tagged ‘Joint Genome Institute’
New findings by researchers at the Joint Genome Institute, Berkeley Lab, and UC Berkeley upholds the theoretical structure for cyanobacteria carboxysomes, the organelle-like structure that cyanobacteria use for carbon fixation. They described the structure of a protein critical to the outer shell of carboxysomes, combining the genome sequencing and sequencing expertise at JGI with the protein characterization skills of scientists at the Advanced Light Source. More>
Cyanobacteria’s ability to capture solar energy and fix CO2 holds promise for biotech applications. Joint Genome Institute and Berkeley Lab researchers studied 10 different cyanobacteria to identify their secondary metabolites — compounds produced during normal cellular metabolism not directly involved in cell growth, that may play an important role in interactions outside the cell — and the genes linked to those molecules. More>
Researchers at the Joint Genome Institute studied the role of DNA methylation on gene expression and other processes in the heavy-metal reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 with the help of next-generation Single-Molecule Real Time (SMRT) sequencers from Pacific Biosciences. Characterizing functional roles in a microbe with bioremediation applications a first step toward similar studies for other prokaryotes. More>
The Fall 2013 issue of the Joint Genome Institute’s quarterly newsletter, the JGI Primer, is now available online. Check out the newsletter’s new look and feel, as well as stories about Microbial Dark Matter, the Alga that Built the Cliffs of Dover, the diversity of Yellowstone microbial communities, and more. Print copies are available upon request.
Isolated from the ocean for millennia, Antarctica’s Deep Lake offers researchers a unique niche for studying the evolution of the microbes that thrive in extremely cold and salty environments. In a detailed analysis published online the week of September 30, 2013 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers including a team from the Joint Genome Institute have, for the first time, been able to get a complete ecological picture of the Deep Lake microbial community, and they’re finding that the Lake’s inhabitants are predominantly haloarchaea. More>
Researchers at the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) led by Jillian Banfield of Earth Sciences Division used metagenomic analysis on sediment from a Colorado aquifer to reconstruct the genome of a dominant but previously unknown microbe that’s a member of a new phylum lineage. Called RBG-1, the new microbe is metabolically versatile and shows signs of multiple novel enzymes and biochemical mechanisms that reflect substantial evolutionary distance from well-characterized microorganisms. Subsurface microbes are a poorly understood component of the Earth’s biosphere that play significant roles in biogeochemical cycles. Metagenomic studies can shed light on this “dark matter” of carbon. More>
DOE JGI Project Management Office Group Leader Tootie Tatum is never really off the clock. When she’s not tracking projects, she’s training with her FEMA-certified search and rescue Border Collie Moose to locate survivors in urban disaster sites. DOE JGI Summer 2013 Public Affairs intern Charles Ucciferri wrote a feature on them that is available here.
The latest video installment to the Safety Culture website’s Perspectives series shows how management called on employees at the Joint Genome Institute to strengthen the culture there. Hear from several JGI team members about their team-based contributions. Visit the Safety Culture website to learn about others making a positive impact at the Lab.
Joint Genome Institute Public Affairs summer intern Emma Schiappacasse is an animation major at Loyola Marymount University in southern California. One of the projects assigned to her involved animating an explanation of the JGI effort to identify uncultured microbes and fill in branches on the Tree of Life with the help of single-cell genomics. Inspired by the Nature paper published July 14, Schiappacasse developed a short video.