Today at Berkeley Lab

Two Berkeley Lab Scientists Named AAAS Fellows

Climate scientist Bill Collins (left) of the Earth Sciences Division and chemist Heinz Frei of the Physical Biosciences Division have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) for 2014. Collins was recognized for “distinguished contributions to the field of climate science through fundamental research on interactions among sunlight, heat, the coupled climate system, and global environmental change.” Frei was recognized for “distinguished contributions to the understanding of photochemical reactions, and, in particular, for the advancement of robust catalysts for solar energy conversion.” More>

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New Model Shows Soil Will Relinquish Less Carbon to Atmosphere

Climate models probably overestimate the amount of carbon that will be released from soil into the atmosphere as temperatures rise, according to a new Lab model that explores the feedbacks between microbes, soil carbon, and climate change. The research could lead to more accurate predictions. More>

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Lightning Expected to Increase 50% With Global Warming

Berkeley Lab climate scientist David Romps and his colleagues looked at predictions of precipitation and cloud buoyancy in 11 different climate models and conclude that their combined effect will generate more frequent electrical discharges to the ground. More>

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Nov. 7 Earth Sciences Talk on Molecules, Hot Water, and Minerals

ESD’s Distinguished Scientist Seminar Series features Dimitri Sverjensky of Johns Hopkins University, who will speak on “Molecules, Hot Water and Minerals: Ingredients for the Origin of Life?” on Friday at 10:30 a.m. in the Building 66 Auditorium. More>

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New Driver Behind Arctic Warming Identified

Mechanism could turn out to be a big contributor to warming in the Arctic and melting sea ice. Researchers found that open oceans are much less efficient than sea ice when it comes to emitting in the far-infrared region of the spectrum, a previously unknown phenomenon that is likely contributing to the warming of the polar climate. More>

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Oct. 30 Earth Sciences Talk on Microbial Element Cycling

The Distinguished Scientist Seminar features Marc Strous of the University of Calgary, who will speak on “Microbial Element Cycling: The Big Picture,” at 10:30 a.m. in the Building 66 Auditorium. More>

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ESD’s Tom Daley is New Head of Geophysics Department

Daley, an Earth Sciences Division staff scientist since 1987, has contributed significantly to the use of geophysical approaches to monitor processes critical to many subsurface energy strategies, with an emphasis in recent years on geological CO2 sequestration. His appointment is effective today. More>

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Earth Sciences Recognized for Use of HPC at Contaminated Sites

The Earth Sciences Division’s contributions to the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management — which marks the first attempt “to use high-performance computing uncertainty quantification to identify key controls at a contaminated site — was recently recognized in LANL’s Actinide Research Quarterly. More>

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Earth Sciences Talk Tomorrow on CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery

Bob Enick of the University of Pittsburgh will present a Distinguished Scientist seminar on “Improving CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery with CO2-soluble Additives, with Possible Application to CO2 Sequestration.” The event begins at 10:30 a.m. in the Building 66 Auditorium. A Q&A session will follow Enick’s talk. More>

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Lab Ecologist Included in PBS Series on Food Production

The top six inches of soil are the most precious, yet least understood ecosystem on earth. Experts, including Gary Anderson of the Earth Sciences Division, discuss how to save this precious resource using such methods as large-scale composting, carbon farming, and the creation of “biochar.” More>

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