Frances Houle of the Chemical Sciences Division (CSD) has been named to head JCAP-North – the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, which was created in 2011 along with its sister facility, JCAP-South at Caltech, to develop a solar-fuel technology. Houle, who has been directing CSD’s strategic initiatives, has more than 30 years of research experience. She holds a PhD in chemistry from Caltech and spent much of her career studying thin films and solid surfaces at IBM’s Almaden Research Center. She succeeds Heinz Frei of the Materials Sciences Division who’s served as JCAP-North’s acting head this past year.
Posts Tagged ‘Chemical Sciences Division’
In the blink of an eye, more attoseconds have expired than the age of Earth measured in … minutes. A lot more. To be precise, an attosecond is one billionth of a billionth of a second. The attosecond timescale is where you must go to study the electron action that is the starting point of all of chemistry. Heralded as the science of the 21st century by Science and The Economist, attosecond science is a new frontier of molecular and material science. Berkeley Lab chemist Ali Belkacem has been using powerful laboratory-scale lasers to test whether multidimensional nonlinear x-ray spectroscopy on the attosecond timescale is practical for the light sources of the future. He recently presented his work at the annual AAAS meeting held this year in Boston. More>
ACS Catalysis and the ACS Division of Catalysis Science & Technology announce that Berkeley Lab chemical scientist and UC Berkeley professor John Hartwig has won the 2013 ACS Catalysis Lectureship for the Advancement of Catalytic Science, in recognition of his many and varied recent achievements. The lectureship will take place at the 2013 ACS fall meeting in Indianapolis. Hartwig has made important synthetic and mechanistic advances in a wide range of organic and catalytic reactions, including asymmetric allylic substitution, intermolecular hydroaminations of unactivated alkenes, and enantioselective as well as high-throughput methods for catalyst and reaction discovery. More>
The ratio of isotopes in elements like oxygen, sulfur, and nitrogen were once thought to be much the same everywhere, determined only by their different masses. Then isotope ratios in meteorites, interplanetary dust and gas, and the sun itself were found to differ from those on Earth. Planetary researchers like UC San Diego’s Mark Thiemens and his colleagues, working with Musa Ahmed of the Chemical Sciences Division, are now using the Chemical Dynamics Beamline at the Advanced Light Source to study these “mass-independent” effects and their origins in the chemical processes of the early solar system. More>
Holger Müller, guest scientist with the Chemical Sciences Division, led a team of Berkeley scientists in the development of a “Compton frequency clock,” a special clock that can measure time on the basis of the mass of a single atomic or even subatomic particle. The clock, which uses an atom interferometer developed by Energy Secretary Steve Chu while at Stanford, holds promise not only for ultraprecise measurements of mass and time, but also for such exotic applications as testing Einstein’s general theory of relativity, or the effects of gravity on antimatter. More>
About 20,000 people are expected to attend the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco this week. Among them will be several dozen scientists from the Environmental Energy Technologies, Chemical Sciences, Computational Research, and Earth Sciences Divisions, who will present talks and posters on topics ranging from climate science, soil geochemistry, computer modeling, geothermal energy, and more. In addition to presenters, the Earth Sciences Division will host a booth featuring “meet-the-scientist” sessions. From Tuesday through Thursday, more than 20 ESD scientists will be on hand to discuss their research with attendees.
Rich Saykally of the Chemical Sciences Division received the 2012 Faraday Lectureship Prize, awarded by the United Kingdom’s Royal Society of Chemistry, for “the development of powerful new spectroscopic technology and its application in pioneering studies of molecular ions, water clusters, liquid water and aqueous solutions and their surfaces.” Saykally joins previous Berkeley Lab winners Alex Pines and Nobelist Y.T Lee of the prize that is considered the UK’s top honor for physical chemistry. Saykally’s work has produced groundbreaking studies of hydronium, hydroxide and ammonium and other molecular ions, and helped resolve a long-standing controversy regarding the microscopic structure of liquid water. More>
Dean Toste of the Chemical Sciences Division and Harvey Blanch of the Physical Biosciences Division led a team of researchers who showed that a fermentation process used in World War I to make cordite for bullets and artillery shells might find new use today in the production of advanced biofuels. The research team combined the fermentation process – known as ABE – with a palladium catalyst to produce molecular precursors to gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. Also on this team were Pazhamalai Anbarasan, Zachary Baer, Sanil Sreekumar, Elad Gross, Joseph Binder and Douglas Clark. More>
David Shuh of the Chemical Sciences Division will give the CC2.0 LDRD seminar today at 2 p.m. in Building 15-253 on “Developing f-electron soft x-ray spectroscopy, simulation, theory, and experiment for clean energy materials.” Fundamental advances are needed to understand the chemistry and physics of f-electrons in lanthanides and actinides, to advance the potential use of these materials in clean energy technologies. David Shuh is the director of the Glenn T. Seaborg Center and leads the Molecular Environmental Sciences Beamline 11.0.2 at the Advanced Light Source.
Mary Gilles of the Chemical Sciences Division will speak at the next Carbon Cycle 2.0 LDRD seminar on Thursday, Oct. 4, at 2 p.m. in Building 15-253. She will discuss “Photo-Switchable Metal Organic Frameworks for CO2 Sequestration,” and her group’s work on the synthesis, development, and characterization of external-stimuli responsive MOFs for CO2 capture and reversible CO2 adsorption. Gilles’s research focuses in three research areas: microscopy and spectroscopy studies on atmospheric aerosol aging, development of in situ cells for soft X-ray spectroscopies, and MOF thin films incorporating responsive components. More>